Superficial thrombophlebitis of the breast

Last updated: June 13, 2023

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Summarytoggle arrow icon

Superficial thrombophlebitis of the breast, often referred to as Mondor disease of the breast, is a benign and self-limited thrombophlebitis of the superficial veins of the breast and/or anterolateral chest wall. The exact etiology is unknown, but it may be associated with trauma (including breast surgery and radiation). The condition characteristically manifests with the sudden onset of a tender cord-like induration. Although the diagnosis is primarily clinical, age-appropriate breast imaging is required in all patients to rule out concomitant breast cancer. On imaging, superficial thrombophlebitis typically appears as a superficial dilated tubular structure with a characteristic beaded appearance; an intraluminal thrombus may be visible on Doppler ultrasound. Management is mainly supportive.

Etiologytoggle arrow icon

Clinical featurestoggle arrow icon

Diagnosticstoggle arrow icon

Superficial thrombophlebitis of the breast may rarely be associated with underlying invasive breast cancer. [2]

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  1. $Contributor Disclosures - Superficial thrombophlebitis of the breast. None of the individuals in control of the content for this article reported relevant financial relationships with ineligible companies. For details, please review our full conflict of interest (COI) policy:.
  2. ACOG. Practice Bulletin No. 164 Diagnosis and management of benign breast disorders. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2016; 127 (6): p.e141-e156.doi: 10.1097/aog.0000000000001482 . | Open in Read by QxMD
  3. Dodelzon K, Katzen JT. Evaluation of Palpable Breast Abnormalities. J Breast Imaging. 2019; 1 (3): p.253-263.doi: 10.1093/jbi/wbz040 . | Open in Read by QxMD
  4. Thrush S, Dixon JM. Benign breast disease. Elsevier ; 2014: p. 268-293

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