Australian bat lyssavirus infection is an extremely rare rabies-like condition that is endemic to Australia. It is caused by infection with the Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) that is transmitted via infected bats (e.g., bites, scratches). After an incubation period of 3–8 weeks, ABLV infection manifests with flu-like symptoms (e.g., headache, fever, fatigue), followed 1–2 weeks later by severe symptoms, including altered state of consciousness, convulsions, paralysis, and hydrophobia.Diagnosis is confirmed through PCR. Like rabies, ABLV infection is fatal once it breaks out. All animal bites and scratches should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected. If exposure to ABLV is suspected (i.e., wounds from bats), postexposure prophylaxis using human rabies immunoglobulin and/or rabies vaccine should be initiated immediately.
- Extremely rare 
- Individuals who have contact with bats (e.g., due to occupation) are at higher risk.
Epidemiological data refers to the US, unless otherwise specified.
Untreated ABLV infection is fatal.